Gerald Fredrick Töben
Dr. Fredrick Toben is a prominent Australian historical revisionist, founder and director of the Adelaide Institute, and author of at least eight books on education, political science and history.
He completed a Doctor of Philosophy at the University of Stuttgart in 1977. He subsequently taught at various secondary schools and tertiary colleges in New Zealand, Germany, Rhodesia and Nigeria. In 1984 he was involved in a decade-long litigation case with the Victorian Department of Education and won. After this, in 1994, he established the privately run Adelaide Institute.
Widely regarded as a Holocaust denier, Toben regularly denies the assertion, though he has on occasion indicated that he considers the Holocaust to be a "lie" ostensibly perpetuated by "the Holocaust Racketeers, the corpse peddlers and the Shoah Business Merchants"; he has further asserted that "the current U.S. government is influenced by world Zionist considerations to retain the survival of the European colonial, apartheid, Zionist, racist entity of Israel." While he similarly denies being an antisemite or a white supremacist, he is a favorite among white supremacist organizations such as StormFront, and his Adelaide Institute website has an unusual predilection for ubiquitously locating swastikas, often several per page of research or opinion.
In 1999 he was imprisoned for nine months at Mannheim Prison for breaching Germany's Holocaust Law, Section 130, that prohibits anyone from "defaming the dead". Toben still refuses to concede that the Holocaust as asserted by mainstream historians ever occurred, rather asserting that mass killings took place on a much smaller scale.
In 2002, a judge of the Federal Court of Australia found that Toben's website "vilified Jewish people", and ordered Toben to remove offensive material from his site. The court did not enforce an order made earlier by a commissioner of the Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission that he "issue a written apology to the president of the Executive Council of Australian Jewry".
While Töben and his associates at the Adelaide Institute have occasionally denied "being Holocaust deniers" in interviews conducted by Australian media. in 2005 in an interview with Iranian state television he indicated that it was his belief that "Israel is founded on the Holocaust lie."