Answers to the 66 Questions of Holocaust Deniers

The following material comes from Nizkor, an extraordinary site devoted to combatting Holocaust deniers. The original version is filled with hyperlinks to other material on Nizkor, which we either had to recode or remove to avoid bad links from the JVL. We chose to remove them, so we urge those interested in more careful study of this topic to use the link to Nizkor to take advantage of their detailed information on specific individuals and arguments. The original also had extensive links to the deniers' web sites. We chose not to include them here for two reasons: first, not all the links worked and second, we prefer not to encourage visits to those sites.   Nizkor's philosophy is to make both sides available to all and let the reader draw their own conclusions. We do not believe there are two sides to the question of whether the Holocaust occurred. Anyone wishing to see the deniers' sites can use the links provided by Nizkor . Finally, before printing this document, be forewarned that it is very long.

The Institute for Historical Review, or IHR, publishes many small pamphlets designed to misinform people about the Holocaust. One of the most-persistent has been a pamphlet called "66 Questions And Answers About the Holocaust," or simply "66 Q&A."


This pamphlet neatly summarizes many of the most common arguments used by Holocaust-deniers. Refuting these 66 claims strikes directly at the core of Holocaust-denial.


What follows is a point-by-point refutation of its half-truths and untruths. The full text of the original pamphlet is included, with the IHR's questions and answers reproduced unaltered.


Ernst Zündel's publishing house, Samisdat, has distributed an earlier version as recently as November 1995, which we will occasionally refer to as the "Samisdat" version for lack of a better name. We are currently only in possession of the first page of this, and it skips quite a few questions, so we don't know how much we're missing. We are also not sure exactly when it was written, but its answer to question 22 refers to a united Germany, which places it in the 1990s. Updates will come as we learn more, of course.


In any case, the various revisions that have been made have rarely made the pamphlet any more truthful. This is not surprising, because the aim of the pamphlet is not to educate but to mislead. Where the revisions are noteworthy, we will comment upon them.


If our treatment seems tedious, consider yourself lucky: years ago, the IHR used to publish one hundred and twenty Q&A about the Holocaust. We have been unable to obtain a copy of that older pamphlet, so for now we resign ourselves to critiquing the abridged version. Remember as you're reading this that there were 54 other Q&As that were not good enough to make their final cut!


Finally, for another good antidote to the "66 Q&A," we suggest two documents put out by the Simon Wiesenthal Center: their "Responses to Revisionist Arguments," and their "36 Q&A" (which are unrelated except for the similarity in format).